Puppies love to please us. They look to us for direction. They can sense when we are happy and when we are not. This is a good time to reinforce good behaviors and supervise your puppy while you are teaching him what he can and cannot do in your home using the following tips on house training a puppy.
Dogs are animals that do not want to soil their sleeping area, especially since their sleeping area is their den. Using a crate to potty train your puppy so that he knows where he should pee. You could set aside an area in the crate where he could release himself. This is part of the process of house training your dog.
It’s probably a good idea to put the crate next to your bed so that your puppy can see you and learn your scent. He may be too far away to “get to” you, but he will smell and know you are nearby. Your puppy will also have to go to the bathroom (15-20 minutes) after eating or drinking. It’s better to be safe than sorry!
Use a crate or a small kennel to confine your puppy when you cannot supervise. This should be a place where your puppy should feel safe and consider his den. Make it comfortable for him by placing blankets and his favorite toys or treats in the crate. This will make your puppy relates the crate with good things.
During the crate training, bring your puppy outside to his potty area when he is ready to eliminate. Decide which route to take and train him to go for potty using “Go Potty” command. During the initial training, you may like to place your puppy on a lead so that he would not wandering around after the potty.
If you are not using crate, you will have to keep a close eye on your puppy so as to prevent accidents while the training is still on going. Just like a child, your puppy may mess up your home unknowingly till he is fully house trained.
If you notice your dog isn’t doing the things that you are expecting, then you need to take action immediately to help prevent accidents and correct him. Remember to give your puppy a treat once you had corrected his potty action. This will make him associate the “right” action (correct potty spot) with reward. Try to stay outside with your puppy so that he can smell his last potty and mark his “territory”.
It is very important for you to be consistent with your puppy and to review the potty area every couple of hours. It is also a good idea to take your puppy out at certain times throughout the day, so that he will learn to go for potty only at these timing. And of course, always reward your puppy when he goes to the right area for potty.
A puppy needs to do his potty:
- As soon as he wakes up.
- Before his first meal of the day.
- After each and every meal.
- Before his bedtime.
Puppies have very small bladders and cannot hold his “business” for very long time. If accident do happens, clean up the soiling area thoroughly. Use a pet-specific odor neutralizer to eliminate the smell so as to prevent your pet from seeking the same place again and again for potty.
As an estimation, a four-month old puppy will need to go for potty approximately every four hours. Your puppy will grow into a mature dog in not more than six months, so you’re making a big difference in time management for potty.
If you notice that your puppy has wet or defecated in its potty area, but you did not see it happening, be more observant. Try taking him outside more frequently.
If you observe the habits of your puppy, you will know when he shows you the signs (such as sniffing, circling, or starting to whine) that he needs to go potty. If you see these signs, take him out immediately. After a while, he will associate eliminating with going out and as he does so, you can start teaching him to go potty using command.
The rules of house training a puppy are very simple:
1. Reward good behavior and ignore bad behavior.
2. If your puppy has finished eliminating, praise and reward him enthusiastically.
3. Don’t scold your pet for making a mistake. This can cause him to fear you. Instead, reward him when he does something good.
4. You need to take a very patient and observe approach at all times.
5. Make sure everyone in the house understands the potty training process and practice it daily. The younger the dog, the more patience it will take. It is a controlled process and everyone in the house needs to be on the same page.
Taking care of a puppy is a big responsibility. You are going to treat him with love and compassion. He needs you to teach him what is right and what is wrong. Make use of the above tips to make your puppy training a success.