It is crucial that you watch your dog very carefully and that you take him outside at regular intervals if you are potty training a dog without a crate. Just as with a small child, regular and consistent application of house training routines can produce excellent results.
To get things moving, it is best to establish a designated area where your dog will go potty. Set up a comfortable place outdoors where your dog can eliminate. A small gravel area under a tree or a spot in the backyard is perfect. Everyone in the family must participate in the dog’s training and make them familiar with where your dog should go for his pee and poo.
It’s also a good idea to watch your dog for signs that he needs to go outside. If your dog starts to pace or sniff the floor, grab him and quickly bring him outside for his potty.
If you aren’t watching closely, you might have missed the signal but it is at least helpful to be aware of some telling tales such as sniffing the floor or turning in circles. That’s a sure sign that your dog needs potty now!
The first time you bring your dog outside, it is a good idea to keep him accompany for a while. Wait for him to go potty and praise him for the good behavior. If your dog does not eliminate, you should take him back inside and try again in 15-30 minutes. Supervise him until he is done with his potty.
The idea is to get your dog to associate going to bathroom with the positive experience of being outside in the early stages of puppyhood and not inside the house.
You should lead your dog outside as soon as he eats or drinks or every hour or two. It’s also a good idea to time the trips outside so that your dog’s internal clock can start educating him about how much time is needed outside for potty. That will help him to develop an internal schedule.
Take him outside on a leash when he needs to relieve himself. You can use a harness that attaches to your belt or waist. Your dog can be guided off the leash, and stays there until he has relieved himself.
You will need to stay positive with your dog and giving him plenty of outdoor time. If you develop a consistent regimen, he will learn to hold his urges until he goes outside. If you gradually lengthen the time he visit outside, you can avoid house training problems.
This teaches your dog to develop patience and to realize that he needs to go outside to do his pee and poo. Dogs develop a preference for when they “go”, so let him know when it will happen.
Avoid “free” feeding your dog as it will encourage him to go potty constantly. Put him on a food schedule and place his food or water in a certain place that is easy to clean up and is far from living area.
When your dog eliminates in the right place, praise and reward him immediately. Pat him on the head and tell him “Good Boy!”. Keep in mind that all dogs will need regular dedicated attention in the beginning phases.
Take into account the timing of your rewards as well. Dogs do not have long memory retention period and could not recall what he had done just now. So your timing must be just right to teach him what he is supposed to do, and how he is supposed to be doing it.
Dogs love to please you, so when he is making you proud with his behavior, he will want to continue doing it. Pat him, praise him, and give him the treats.
Accidents are inevitable, even as you make a steady effort to house train your puppy. If you discover a soiled spot, be sure to clean it up thoroughly. Dogs have an acute sense of smell, and may return to the area to eliminate again.
Do not ever apply any physical punishment as this will create fear in him. You need to teach your pup that it is not acceptable to do his potty anywhere he feels is OK. This is a challenge but you will be surprised how quickly he will respond. Consistency is the key.
With patience and consistency you will establish a connection where going outside is the acceptable thing to do. Your dog will look forward to reinforcing his positive behavior as he knows that this will earn him a reward.
Potty training your dog isn’t a difficult task, but you do need to put in the effort to see the results. No matter how late you start potty training your dog, you will need to start so that he won’t foul the sidewalk or soiling everywhere in your home.
Following the above steps will certainly put your dog on the right path. However, if you are making mistakes along the way, don’t worry. It’s all part of the process. By correcting these behaviors when they occur, you are reinforcing the training process. Simply changing the process around will have a better outcome. Hopefully these tips will help. With the right training you will get a well behaved companion for life!