House training a dog without a crate is one of the most difficult tasks you will ever undertake as a pet owner. The reason for this is that dogs crave for safety and security and often, crate is viewed as dog’s DEN which provide the sense of security they are looking for.
When it comes to house training, many dog owners face a much more difficult challenge than with their children. Establishing routines, coupled with positive reinforcement and sticking to them will help to create a successful house training program for your dog.
Establishing a Routine – It’s important that all members of the family stick to the same house training schedule. Your dog is used to routine, and so is your family. There’s no reason that suddenly your dog can’t figure out what to do in the middle of the night.
Young dogs have very small bladders and cannot hold them for very long, so you’ll have to give it an extra attention when it comes to the potty spot schedule.
You will also need to decide the optimal potty spot. This can be wherever your dog is most comfortable. Once you’ve found the ideal spot, such as your backyard, you’ll have to take your dog there at a consistent schedule, such as every 2 hours, until he gets the “idea” to do his potty there.
It is very important that you train your dog to go potty in the same spot every time. Consistency is what you need to establish so that your dog does not feel the need to hide when he has to go. If you take him to the same place every time, he will smell his territory and know what to expect, and start going to the same spot every time.
You should also take your dog to the potty spot after each meal. Tell him that it’s time to potty. It’s also a good idea to take him out right after he wakes up and the last thing at night before going to sleep. The more consistent you are, the faster your dog will know where to go for his elimination.
You can use the words “Outside” and “Potty” every time you take him outside to relieve himself. This is a good way to train him to associate word with relieving himself.
Supervision – Go with your dog every time he goes to potty. This will not only remind him of what he should be doing but also help him to get familiar with going to the right place for his pee and poo.
Always reward your dog for doing the right thing. Pat his head or reward him with a treat that he likes when he has done exceptionally well (potty in the right spot). Remember, positive reinforcement helps. He will get use to pooping in the right spot in conjunction with getting a reward.
By reward your dog’s good behavior with treats and plenty of praise, he will learn quickly what is allowed and not allowed. And, if he disobeys or doesn’t follow the “rules”, stop rewarding him and try harder the next time. But never resort to physical punishment. Don’t scold or shout at your dog for making a mistake. Instead, reward your dog for doing his business in the right place.
Until your dog is house-trained, don’t allow him to roam the house. If you are not able to keep a constant eye on your dog, confine him to a space such as a bathroom.
You’ll be house training your dog in a number of areas. Potty training is certainly one of them, and it takes time and patience. Dogs need to be submissive and trusting, and they need to be praised when they do things right.
It is better to catch your dog right before he does something undesirable. Say “NO!” every time he jumps on someone, or bites someone, or goes to the bathroom in the wrong place.
If you see your dog doing something bad, be stern and immediate correct his action. He will make the connection between his action and the consequence. Gradually he will be more likely to avoid the bad behavior.
Some dogs have additional needs beyond potty training. Dogs that having bladder control problems can interfere with your ability to house train them. Those that suffering from anxiety issues can also lead to a much longer time in house training them.
If your dog has additional needs, it’s best to explore these problems and works on them. If you think your dog has a bladder infection, consult your veterinarian. If you think your dog is experiencing anxiety or stress, consult an animal behaviorist. There are trainers who specialize in this area. The point is that you want to establish the pattern of your dog’s life without disrupting it.
If your dog urinates because of fear, anxiety or to mark territory, you will need to work on building up confidence in him. When you are spending time with him, don’t always keep him on the leash. Make him feel at ease with you by playing his favorite games with him, and of course, to reward him for his good behaviors.
Be patient. Your dog is not going to get potty trained overnight. What you can expect is a slow progression towards more desirable behavior. If you want to see results, you’re going to need to be patient. Your dog will need to learn to trust you and be submissive to you and this is what makes him a well-behaved dog.
Our dogs are part of our everyday lives, and as such they become integral members of our family. It is important for us to manage our expectations and let them know the boundaries and house rules that they should adhere to. This is why house training your dog plays a vital role in ensuring that you have a well-behaved furry friend!