Adopting a puppy back to your home can be distressing for him as he is surrounded by lots of uncertainty (unfamiliar environment, faces and scent). He could become over-excited and a little too protective. This is a normal phase and you would need to help him to calm down and cope with it.
If you allow your puppy to become overexcited then he will be unable to control himself when he sees an object or situation that makes him excited. This can lead him to act out, biting and scratching.
Start by Investigating the reasons for your puppy’s misbehavior.
What Causes Puppy To Be Over Excited?
- As simple as him not being able to understand what you want.
- He could be afraid of something that you are not aware of.
- Sign of boredom.
- Over stimulate because he is trying to do something that is unattainable.
- Dog’s natural sense of excitement due to his breed and age.
Until you fully understand your puppy’s fears and concerns, you will have a difficult time trying to resolve them.
Following are some actions that you can do to help relieve a puppy’s over excitement behavior and to make him calm down once you have uncovered what’s causing him to misbehave.
How To Calm Down An Overexcited Puppy?
Ignore Him For His Bad Behavior
The last thing you want to do is to yell and demand that he stops this behavior. This will only excite him, and he will snap even more. Instead, take a firm stand by ignoring his bad behavior.
Your goal is to teach your puppy that his bad behavior does not amuse you at all. So the next time that he jumps on you, simply turn your back against him and leave the room for 2 minutes. When he had calmed down, reward him with a treat.
Be Sure Not To Give In To Him
Many dogs bite when they become excited and anxious. However, biting only breeds additional behavioral problems.
If you allow him to bite you, then he will develop an even more difficult biting problem. You could possibly end up with a dog that bites you very often.
So if your puppy bites you while you are playing with him, immediately stop the games and leave the place. This will teach him that if he performs this action, there will be no more playtime, and he will be left alone. This will deter him from misbehaving.
Let Him Socialize With Well Trained Dog
This is a wonderful way for him to learn the correct behavior from a well-trained dog and will improve his ability to interact with other animals.
For a start, reach out to your friends who have a well-trained dog and get them to be together every day for a 30 minutes playtime. Your puppy will start to observe and learn from the dog how to behave and react to his environment.
Allocate A Retreat Place For HIm
Make sure your puppy has an area that he can retreat to if he is getting too excited. This can be a safe place such as a bed, crate, or penthouse, but it needs to be separate from where any interaction is taking place, preferably somewhere that is dim and dark as darkness will help him to calm down by eliminating any form of simulation.
If you are using a crate to “hold” him, you can place a blanket over the crate to give him “more privacy” and make his environment much warmer, quieter and darker. This will help him to calm down faster.
Also provide him with a comforting chewing toy that he can chew on and leave him to calm down. Once he had cooled down, reward him with a treat. This will help him to associate the calm behavior with a reward.
Basic Commands To Control Him
You can start to teach him on some basic obedient commands such as “Sit”,” Down” and “Stay” when he is 7 to 8 weeks old. These commands will be extremely useful when you want him to exercise some self-control and remain calm.
When teaching your puppy an appropriate behavior, use a firm but non-angry voice, along with some hand signals. Dogs are good at observing your body language, and this will help him to easily understand what you want from him.
Remember to reinforce the desired behavior with a reward. As for the reward, I find that usually a food treat will work best, but you could also praise him and give him a gentle pet on his head.
Keep the training sessions short (5 minutes or less) as young puppies have a short attention span.
Remember, practice makes perfect. Short training sessions are all that is required, but make them consistent.
Spend More Time With Him
Nothing works better to calm your puppy down by having you by his side. You see, your puppy is getting nervous in his new environment and everything looks so “strange” and exciting for him.
You could let him calm down by making him trust you. When he looks upon you as his pack leader, he will faithfully obey your instructions and stay obedient.
So plan your routine and allocate at least 30 minutes per day to interact with him to create that bond and trust relationship.
Trust me, it’s going to be a time that is well spent as you will be gaining a well-mannered and obedient puppy in your home.
Plan His Exercise Routine
Puppies need to have daily exercise and those that do not have exercise have a greater chance of having behavior problems. Puppies who are full of energy tend to get very active and will misbehave.
As for the amount of exercise and the intensity level required, it depends on the dog breed. Some dogs have more active levels than others, and some may be hyperactive or over excited at times.
Active dog breeds such as Labrador Retrievers, German Shepherds, Border Collies, Dalmatians and Siberian Huskies might require more exercise to drain off their excessive energy so that they are not over excited.
Usually, a 4-month-old puppy will need to have 20 minutes of playtime daily.(5 minutes of exercise time per month of age). You can break it down to multiple short sessions per day.
I would recommend taking him for a walk one or two times daily. Strolling around the neighborhood or dog park will not only exercise his body but also allow him to get used to his surroundings and interact with things (people, pets and smell).
If you are at a park or somewhere that you think your puppy might get into trouble, you can put a leash on him while you walk, but try to keep the leash loose so that he doesn’t get strangled or tangled up.
Never let him run ahead of you when you are walking. You should always walk with your puppy beside you so that you can control his action while he is exploring his world.
Keep Him Busy
Your dog may be over excited because he has been left alone for an extended period, or is simply bored. Boredom is a common reason for a dog to be over excited. Try to bring in some new activities or games to keep your dog’s mind active and his spirits high.
Keep Yourself Calm
Dogs are accustomed to human speech patterns and can quickly pick up on our inflections. If your voice is too high-pitched or the tone are not properly relaxed, your puppy will take notice and begin to worry.
You don’t want to scare the dog but you do need to be reassuring. Don’t shout over the pup as this only makes him more excited.
Use of Aromatherapy To Calm Him
Make use of aromatherapy to calm your dog. Since a dog’s primary sense of organ is nose, this approach of using scent to capture his smell works well.
You can make use of some essential oils (such as Lavender, Bergamot, Geranium Rose) that are known to have a calming effect on dog to make him cool down.
Simply apply some essential oil on your fingertips and gently massage the oil on your dog’s ear flaps.
Use Of Music to Calm Him
Did you have the habit of listening to music whenever you are feeling anxiety, stress or frustration and find that it works well in making you calm down and relaxed?
Listening to music works well in dogs as well. It helps to make them feel more calm and unwind. Of course, you will have to pick the right music for your puppy and in most cases, classical music has been the top choice.
Last but not least, remember that calming down an overexcited puppy is an ongoing process. Your pup needs to be reassured on a regular basis so be patient.
Dogs respond best when they are treated with respect and love. The better you treat your pup, the quicker he will learn that he cannot act up when you are around. Use a kind, gentle, non-angry voice to discourage unwanted behaviors, including aggression.