The best way to start training your puppy is to first familiarize yourself with dog training techniques and commands. This will help you better understand your puppy’s behavior and actions and to apply the right house training methods for your puppies. Some pooches are a little more difficult to house train than others, depending on their breed and personality.
So how do you go about house training your puppy? The first and foremost step is not to give him any room to make a mistake. This means, do not leave him in a room or a crate without supervision. If you don’t realize your puppy is doing something wrong, you won’t know be able to correct it!
If you are think of making use of a dog crate for your house training, you need to be consistent and persistent. Do not use the crate as a punishment. If you need to leave the house, even for a short time, use a baby gate or a crate cover in the crate to confine the puppy while you are gone. Be sure that he had toys to play with in the crate while you are out for chores.
Scheduling is an important part of crating. You need to know what times your puppy will need to eliminate. Feed him at the same time every day and always take them out within 15 minutes after each meal. If you are gone for more than two hours without taking your puppy out, make sure that he had a big potty break before you leave.
When you take him outside to eliminate, give him a verbal cue such as “go potty” so that he knows what he is supposed to do. Give him lots of praise and a treat once he had done his potty correctly. Try to keep the same command and enthusiasm each time you bring your puppy out. After he had relieved himself, make him go back to his crate by saying “get in your kennel” and offer him a reward if he follows your command.
Establish a routine to take your puppy outside. Pick a time for the same routine every day, and do this consistently, so your puppy knows what to expect. When you take him outside, use a leash so that you have control over the situation. That way, you can prevent accidents and have more control over his learning.
Identify the “high spots” where your dog is most likely to go indoors. These spots can be anywhere in the house, or even outside near the usual exit door. Next, put the dog on his leash so that you can monitor his behavior closely. When you see him start to sniff around (certain behavior that signals that he’s searching for “his spot”) go outside and give him the command to potty.
If he goes potty, react with great excitement and give him a treat. Positive reinforcement works best with dogs, and the power of positive association will make your dog want to continue going potty at the same places (his “potty spot”).
Be prepared to exercise some patience. It can take some time for your puppy to understand what to do, and it can’t always be easy to anticipate his needs. Devote some of your time and keep up with his potty training. Most breeds can be potty trained easily, but some may take longer than others to learn.
Keep your training sessions short. Each session should never be longer than an hour for your puppy. If you push him past this point, he will start to push back instead of listening to you.
This is also a good time to see how your puppy interacts with you and your family. This will preoccupy your puppy for a while and make him feel more secure with you and his new home. Make sure that all the people in your home are involved in the training sessions.
Don’t overload your dog with too many commands. In fact, once your dog gets the hang of one command, he probably will refuse to learn anything else. Go slow and let your dog learn one command at a time.
Once he knows what the command is, you can move on. If you try to teach too many commands at once, your dog will just become confused and won’t learn anything. You will have to make sure that he masters one before you move on to the next.
When you’re done with training your puppy, it’s very important to continue practicing it so that your puppy remembers the patterns of behaving well. Puppies are like small babies and it’s important to show them the proper way to behave.
A crucial aspect of dog training is to control your temper. You must be patient and not resort to physical punishment. Yelling and infallibly scolding your puppy doesn’t do any good. In fact, it will only make him fear you. So punishing it is the last thing you should do.
No matter how cute your puppy is, they will be naughty at times, and get into mischief. Teaching them what to do and what not to do is the best way to raise an obedient dog. Effective potty training means you are setting up ground rules, and your puppy is trained to know what the rules are.
Teaching your puppy the basic skills, like going to the toilet, to perform “stay” or “sit” when you tell him to, and not to bark for no reason, will help your dog to understand what you want and need from him. Don’t forget, once you adopt a puppy, it becomes your responsibility to keep him happy and healthy. Have some fun with him and shower him with lots of love.