It’s a joyful event to bring home a new puppy. But after a few weeks, you may be busy cleaning up the “mess” that this new puppy brings to your home and would be wondering what will be the best ways to train your puppy.
First of all, never play with your puppy around the house until they are completely potty trained. If he haven’t been completely potty trained by 7-8 weeks then you should not play with him. If you do, then he will learn that potty training is “play” time.
When you feed your puppy, take him outside to the same spot to eliminate. Don’t let your puppy have access to the entire backyard (if you have a backyard). Take him outside on a leash (and keep him on the leash until he is completely potty trained).
You should direct your puppy to the spot (use a treat to direct him) and then give him lots of praise or a treat once he had done the potty correctly. Soon he will begin to associate potty time with praise and treat.
Strict feeding times. Make a feeding schedule and stick to it. If you feed your puppy at the same time everyday, he will eliminate on that same schedule. You should never feed your puppy before you sleep.
Young puppies can’t really hold their bladder for too long. If your puppy is about 2 months old, then you will need to take him outside for potty every 2 hours. If your puppy is 6 months old then every 3 hours. For puppy who is is 8-10 weeks old, then you will need to take him outside every 4 hours.
Positive reinforcement is one of the best training technique that you can make use of during your dog training session. Rewarding your dog for doing some behavior means you acknowledge the good behavior and he will likely repeat it.
Just like with people, actions speak louder than words. If you give treat to your dog for acknowledging his behavior, he will be more than willing to perform the same action over and over again. Ultimately, dogs want to please their owners, and if you’re happy with his behavior, he is going to repeat it.
Therefore, the key to dog learning success is giving your dog a treat for doing something you want him to do. There are many ways that you can reward your dog. Giving him treats such as: his favorite foods, toys, games, affection (being touched by you, or patting on his head), or any other activities that you see fit.
Another alternative for potty training your puppy is using crate. The crate should be big enough for your puppy to stand up, turn around, and lie down without any problem. You should also cater for your puppy’s future grow. Get a dog crate with divider so that you can adjust the crate size based on your needs (as your puppy grows up).
The general rule of thumb for the number of hours you should leave your puppy in his crate is 2-3 hours. Work out how much time you need to leave him in the crate based on his reaction. A 2 hour time limit should be fine. Be sure not to leave him in his crate for a very long time and also remember to take him outside to relieve himself before you put him in the crate.
If your puppy whines or cries in the crate, don’t let him out as that would just reinforces his behavior. Be patient and ignore him until he settles down. Once he starts to calm down and be quiet, you can let him out.
Be sure to put his favorite toys and treats in the crate as well as you would want to make his crate a cozy place for him to be in.
Very young puppies may not be ready to “hold it” all night, so you should set an alarm to take him outside for potty in the night as well. Never use the crate as a punishment. If your puppy does something wrong, don’t yell or beat him. If you want to correct him, use a different method such as a verbal “No,” or a clap.
You can also make use of clicker to assist in your positive reinforcement training for your dog. Teach your dog to listen to the clicker. Simply wait for your dog to exhibit the desirable behavior, then click, followed by a treat. Once your dog learns that he will be rewarded for doing what you want him to do, he will invariably follow your instructions.
Once your dog masters all the clicks and treat procedure, you can begin to focus on perfecting your dog’s behavior. You will no longer need to rely on treats. Your dog will be an expert at performing the behaviors you want him to perform regardless of whether he gets a treat for doing so.
As your clicker training takes off, you should be ready to take the next step, which is to introduce verbal commands such as “sit”, “heel,” “roll over” , “stay” as well as hand signal to your dog.
Don’t get hung up on list of words. Your dog is an amazing receiver of human speech. Be sure to reward your dog for following your command. Also give your dog sufficient time to learn the meaning of the word you are using. After all, that is what dog training is all about – repetition and reinforcement.
A puppy will soon grow into a dog, thus his potty training is very important and can save you from a lot of embarrassment. You do not want your guests to come to your home and sees that your dog has an “accident”.
Potty training is not that hard at all. Dogs love routines and knowing what comes next is going to make him happy. He just needs to be trained on what the “rules” are and knows what to expect from you.